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Australian Clinical Trials

Clinical Trial Details

OPTimising IMmunisation Using Mixed schedules (OPTIMUM): comparing allergic outcomes in infants following pertussis vaccination

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Trial Information

Broad Health Condition Inflammatory and Immune System
Public Health

Specific Health ConditionAllergies
Other public health

Trial FocusPrevention

Recruitment Details

Recruitment status

Recruitment State

Princess Margaret Hospital - Subiaco
Perth Children's Hospital - Nedlands
The Royal Childrens Hospital - Parkville
Sydney Children's Hospital - Randwick
The Children's Hospital at Westmead - Westmead

6008 - Subiaco
6009 - Nedlands
3052 - Parkville
2031 - Randwick
2145 - Westmead

Anticipated date of first participant enrolment9/03/2018

Anticipated date of last participant enrolment1/04/2024

Phase of TrialPhase 4

Has the study received ethics approval?Further information iconApproved

Trial summary

The rise in atopy, particularly food allergy, over recent decades in Australia has coincided with a change from the routine use of Whole cell pertussis vaccination (DTwP) to Acellular pertussis vaccination (DTaP). These events may be causally related via the differential modulation of the Th1 and Th2 arms of the immune system by the different vaccines. A single first dose of DTwP followed by two doses of DTaP in the infant vaccination schedule may allow a more balanced immune response, and protection from subsequent atopy. Although a full DTwP vaccine course is more reactogenic than a full DTaP vaccine course, this may not be true for a single dose of DTwP given in early infancy. Furthermore, substitution of the first DTaP dose with DTwP may significantly reduce the frequency of extensive limb swelling observed after the 18 month and 4 year old booster doses of DTaP. An assessment of the immune responses of contemporary Australian infants primed with either a mixed DTwP/DTaP or the current DTaP-only schedule is warranted.

Infants will receive either a combined Diphtheria-Tetanus-whole cell Pertussis, Hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine (DTwP-HepB-Hib) OR a combined Diphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis, Hepatitis B, Inactivated Poliovirus and Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine (DTaP-HepB-IPV-Hib) as their first vaccine dose at 6- <12 weeks of age as part of the infant vaccine schedule. All infants will then receive DTaP-HepB-IPV-Hib at 4 and 6 months of age and combined Diphtheria-Tetanus-acellular Pertussis (DTPa) and Inactivated Poliovirus at 18 months of age, along with vaccines prescribed by the standard Australian Immunisation Schedule. The dose and route of vaccination will be consistent with the manufacturer’s instruction.

The primary objective of the study is to assess the allergy protective benefits of the addition of DTwP into the infant schedule. Infants will be assessed for development of allergic disease and atopic sensitisation. The study will also assess the reactogenicity profile of the whole cell vaccine within stage 1 and the first 150 participants of stage 2 of this two staged trial. If DTwP is found to be acceptable to parents and protective against the development of atopic disease this could have profound implications for vaccine policy in Australia and around the world.


Key inclusion criteria

An eligible infant must fulfill all of the following:
* Healthy male or female infant aged 6 to 11 weeks and 6 days old
* Born on or after 32 weeks
* Parent or guardian understands the information provided and is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the trial
* Infant known to be free of significant medical problems as determined by a medical history and clinical examination by a medically qualified investigator
* Parent has access to a telephone
*Parent or guardian who is able and willing to comply with the requirements of the protocol in the opinion of an investigator
*Willing to allow his or her general practitioner and/or paediatrician and/or immunisation provider and/or other parties involved in the treatment of their child , to be notified of participation in the trial
*Willing to allow the study team to obtain information from the infant’s doctor, other health care professionals, hospitals or laboratories concerning the infant’s health from enrolment until 1 month after the 18-month vaccinations.
* Be available for the entire study period

GenderBoth males and females

Can Healthy volunteers participate? Yes

Key exclusion criteria

The participant may not enter the trial if ANY of the following apply:
* History of pre-existing parent-reported clinician diagnosed IgE-mediated food allergy 
* History of pertussis infection
* Receipt of any prior vaccine, except for a single birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine within the first 7 days of life.
* Contra-indication to any routine infant immunisation: History of allergy, including anaphylaxis, to any vaccine or vaccine component
* Contra-indication to paracetamol
* Receipt of investigational vaccines/drugs, other than the vaccines used in the study, since birth or their planned use during the study period, until the final study visit (i.e. at approximately 19 months of age).
* Receipt, or planned receipt, of any non-routine vaccines within 14 days after the first dose of pertussis containing vaccine
* Receipt of more than 2 weeks of immunosuppressants or immune modifying drugs, (e.g. prednisolone >0.5mg/kg/day)
* Serious chronic illness including severe congenital anomalies affecting heart, brain and/or lungs.
* History of any neurologic disorders or seizures
* Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products since birth or planned administration during the study period
* Planned travel to any country that remains at risk of a poliomyelitis outbreak at any time before the final phone/electronic contact (i.e. at approximately 19 months of age.)
* Parents who plans to move out of the geographical area where the study would be conducted
* Any other significant disease or disorder which, in the opinion of the Investigator, may either put the participants at risk because of participation in the trial, or may influence the result of the trial, or the participant’s ability to participate in the trial.

Contact details and further information

Sponsor Primary Sponsor Type: University
Primary Sponsor Name: University of Sydney
Primary Sponsor Address: THE UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY Level 3, F23 Administration Building, Corner of Eastern Avenue and City Road The University of Sydney NSW 2008
Primary Sponsor Country: Australia

Trial IDACTRN12617000065392


Contact person for information and recruitmentDr
Tom Snelling
Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Public Health, Health and Clinical Analytics Rm 123, Edward Ford Building The University of Sydney NSW 2006
+61 401355389

Email contact Further information